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Regional treasure-Folk Handicraft Trail
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I Folk Handicraft Trail
It is very interesting trail in terms of educational issues as it shows disappearing craftsmanship and trades. Potter, smith, weaver, spooner, sculptor ? all of those professions became so rare that it is difficult to find them in the real world. So it is highly advisable to experience the above before they will become only a part of fairy tail.
Those skills were being passed on from one generation to another and now no one teaches such old-fashioned professions. That is why the work of those craftsmen is so unique and appreciated both in Poland and in the wide world.
The trail goes through several small towns and villages and encompasses workshops of pottery, smithy (Czarna Wieś Kościelna), wooden spoons (Zamczysko), double-warp weaving (Jan?w) and folk sculpture handicraft in Sok?łka. There are also workshops of Easter eggs paintings in Lipsk. All the local folk artists have the imprimatur of the Department of Ethnography of the Podlaskie Museum in Białystok.
Part I of the mini-dictionary:
potter, smith, weaver, spooner, sculptor
folk sculpture handicraft
Pottery is a decorative or useful ware made of baked clay. Pottery includes valuable works of art, inexpensive dinnerware, vases, and other simple household items, all made by professional potters. The word pottery also refers to the factory that makes pottery. Pottery ware is part of a larger product group called ceramics that encompasses bricks, cement, sewer pipes, and other industrial products. Four steps are needed to make a pottery product: preparing the clay mixture, shaping the clay, decorating and glazing the item, and firing (baking). The firing temperature gives pottery its finished appearance and its strength.
There are three major pottery types: (1) earthenware, (2) stoneware, and (3) porcelain. Each type is distinguished by its clay mixture and the temperature at which it is baked or fired. Earthenware is a pottery clay mixture that is fired at a lower temperature. The low baking temperature allows the use of colorful glazes, but also yields a pottery that cracks and chips more easily than other types. Stoneware pottery is made of a heavier clay mixture that gives it greater strength. Stoneware is fired at a much higher temperature to give a harder finish. Porcelain is the purest and the most delicate type of pottery. It is formed from koalin, a fine white clay, that is mixed with controlled amounts of feldspar and flint and then fired at a low temperature.
Part II of the mini-dictionary:
clay mixture, shape, glaze, earthenware, stoneware, porcelain, crack, chip, kaolin, white clay, fire (bake), cement, sewer pipes,
Smithy- iron or steel, is worked by heating and hammering
anvil - a heavy block of iron or steel on which hot metals are shaped by hammering
drop forge, drop hammer, drop press
Sculpture is three-dimensional artwork created by shaping or combining hard materials - typically stone such as marble - or metal, glass, or wood. Softer ("plastic") materials can also be used, such as clay, textiles, plastics, polymers and softer metals. The term has been extended to works including sound, text and light.
Found objects may be presented as sculptures. Materials may be worked by removal such as carving; or they may be assembled such as by welding , hardened such as by firing, or molded or cast.
combine, marble, clay, textiles, softer metals, remove, carve, assemble, weld, harden, mold, cast
II Kruszyniany is a village in the east of Poland, very close to the border with Belarus and was given to Tatars by the king Jan III Sobieski in the 17th century as a reward for military aid during the Polish-Turkish war. Tatars had been present in this part of Europe since the 14th century, migrating mainly to Lithuania. They formed a large community which enjoyed considerable autonomy, inter alias, in the field of religion.
Mosque in Kruszyniany differ from typical Muslim temples because they were built by local carpenters according to local patterns. As a result, Mosque in Kruszyniany is a wooden building raised on a rectangular base with a shingle roof. From the entrance for women it has got two towers topped with crescents. The space between the towers is filled with tympanum. In the two Muslim mosques dominates Islamic, dark green colour. Its interiors, traditionally divided into men and women areas, are decorated with carpets, arabesques and muhirs (verses of Koran in Arabic).
There are only two Tatar families living in Kruszyniany nowadays but many more Tatars visit it for religious celebrations at the Mosque. The village has recently been made popular with non-Muslims too thanks to Dzenneta Bogdanowicz and her family, who returned to the village of their ancestors a few years ago, buying the land that used to belong to Dzenneta's grandfather. Dzenneta and her family are famous for cultivating the Tatar traditions in dress, the way of living and, above all, cooking.
Part III of the mini-dictionary:
Tatars, mosque, autonomy, temple, shingle roof, crescents, interior, arabesque, mushir, prophete, entrance,